Phonics and Spelling

Developing a love of reading and writing is a key priority for all of our children at North Road Community Primary School.  Children in Reception and KS1 use a combination of the ‘Letters and Sounds’ and ‘Phonics Play’ schemes in order to develop their phonic knowledge. We use a range of reading schemes and phonically decodable texts to support children’s reading development.  Spelling Shed is used as a platform for pupils to practice weekly spelling patterns and keywords.  Below are a number of useful documents designed to help parents understand what is taught. 

Phase 2

Phase 3

Below are the 100 high frequency words, in phases.
Phonetically decodable words are in green, to visually represent that these words require phonic knowledge and skills, whereas the high frequency ‘tricky words’ are in red.

Phase 2
Decodable words Tricky words
a had the
an back to
as and I
at get no
if big go
in him into
is his  
it not  
of got  
off up  
on mum  
can but  
dad put (north)  


Phase 3
Decodable words Tricky words
will see you he
that for they she
this now all we
then down are me
them look my be
with too her was



Phase 4
Decodable words Tricky words
went said were
it’s have there
from like little
children so one
just do when
help some out
  come what



Phase 5Note that some of the words that were tricky in earlier phases become fully decodable in Phase 5
Decodable words Tricky Words
don’t day oh
old made their
I’m came people
by make Mr
time here Mrs
house saw looked
about very called
your put (south) asked



First 100 High Frequency Word List –

Second 100 High  Frequency Word List –

Year 3_4 Spelling List

Year 5_6 Spelling List

National Curriculum Spelling Document – English-Appendix-1-Spelling.pdf